• Facilities, Health & Culture
  • EuroDisney Land, Marne-la-Vallée
  • EuroDisney Land, Marne-la-Vallée
  • EuroDisney Land, Marne-la-Vallée
  • EuroDisney Land, Marne-la-Vallée
  • Villa Medici, Roma
  • Villa Medici, Roma
  • Asterix Playground Park
  • Seoul Incheon Airport
  • Seoul Incheon Airport
  • Marine infant & primary school, Colombes
  • Marine infant & primary school, Colombes
  • Marine infant & primary school, Colombes
  • Charcot Psychiatric Hospital, Paris suburbs
  • Charcot Psychiatric Hospital, Paris suburbs
  • Charcot Psychiatric Hospital, Paris suburbs
  • Charcot Psychiatric Hospital, Paris suburbs
  • Charcot Psychiatric Hospital, Paris suburbs
  • Charcot Psychiatric Hospital, Paris suburbs
  • Charcot Psychiatric Hospital, Paris suburbs
  • Charcot Psychiatric Hospital, Paris suburbs
  • Charcot Psychiatric Hospital, Paris suburbs

Facilities, Health & Culture

In the architecture of major service, reception, pleasure, education, care, culture and similar facilities, colour is present during the creation of surroundings which favour well-being, reassurance, the notion of being supported and which help users to find their way. The impression given by colour, which is a person’s first contact with the building, is particularly important in the architecture of service industries (hospitals and retirement homes, schools, offices, stations, airports, commercial and cultural spaces …) in which colour helps to improve the perception of spaces and the attractiveness of the surroundings created by the architecture. Besides the indispensable aesthetic aspects, it is the building as a whole, its user comfort, the way it is perceived in general and thus its effectiveness that are enhanced. A particular handling of the colour scheme is necessary for certain sensitive users, such as children, old people, sick persons…: who need to be taken care of humanely while at the same time providing them with visual comfort bearing in mind the physiological aspects of the impact of colour on their feelings and behaviour.

1. Charcot Psychiatric Hospital, Paris suburbs

Charcot Psychiatric Hospital, Paris suburbs

Dans le cadre du parachèvement du centre hospitalier spécialisé de santé Charcot, en vue de dynamiser le bâtiment, le mettre au goût du jour et lui redonner un nouveau départ, en collaboration avec le cabinet d’architecture LEA et SNC-Lavallin, sensibles à la dimension incontournable de la couleur et des graphismes, l’A3DC intègre une charte de gestion de la couleur dans le plan de réussite de ce nouvel établissement. La conception des ambiances décorées, la coloration des espaces intérieurs et des circulations, avec la mise en valeur par la décoration et la création d’ambiances harmonisées, est justifiée par un parti-pris thématique, autour de la personnalité de Charcot, servant de fil conducteur au projet de coloration. Pour ce véritable labyrinthe, une codification par la couleur des différents services permet une signalétique et un repérage simple, à l’intérieur de ce véritable village médicalisé, une ville dans la ville de Plaisir.

2. Marine infant & primary school, Colombes

Marine infant & primary school, Colombes

The colour of bold and assertive modern architecture sometimes requires particular designs and attention for sensitive end users. In this respect, the example of young children within the framework of the construction of an infant and primary school is, as it so happens, a textbook case! How does one find a fair compromise between the very powerful and innovative ideas of architects and the resistance and reluctance not from the children but from the pupils’ parents who were somewhat disturbed by the designers’ audaciousness and the reaction that their own children would have when they saw the new school?

3. EuroDisney Land, Marne-la-Vallée

EuroDisney Land, Marne-la-Vallée

The good offices mission was arduous: how to combine Disney’s imaginary, fairy, fantastic and strongly Americanised world for the colour scheme of the main hotel within the theme park with the constraints of fitting into the site – the traditional and rural Brie plain with an extensive and scattered agricultural heritage. The Magic Kingdom and the recent Tower of Terror ride are indeed the first buildings that can be seen from a distance when you arrive at EuroDisney and their visual impact in the landscape is unmistakeable. Covered with pink tiles and with raspberry or ochre-coloured facades, the compromise was made easy by an intensive plantation policy and a ring of service buildings which were painted in neutral shades thereby providing a smooth transition with the Ile-de-France landscape.

4. Marzet Polyclinic, Pau & Saint-Privat Clinic, Béziers

Marzet Polyclinic, Pau & Saint-Privat Clinic, Béziers

After having designed the colour scheme for the interior surroundings of the Bichat and Broca hospitals in Paris, and the Marzet clinic in Pau, A3DC works on a regular basis in hospital environments like here in Pau, within the scope of the renovation of the Saint-Privat clinic, where colour is used to bring the healthcare facilities to life. Under the direction of the project manager, Icade-Sethri, with the creation of airier surroundings and easy-to-read joyful and coloured markings and signage, the goal of colour-design is to make a patient’s stay or those visiting the clinic or hospital more pleasant. The walls everywhere are covered with bright or soft colours depending on the requirements of the areas and the way this is to be expressed. The reception was restructured, and made easier to use, more colourful and airier.

5. Paris Garnier Opera House

Paris Garnier Opera House

A prestigious location requires an exceptional colour scheme. The Paris Opera House, which was built from 1862 by Charles Garnier, was a given a facelift in 1995 and a new colour scheme was designed for its private salons. It was the opportunity for A3DC to design a warm palette with a base of dramatic reds and ochre colours inspired from the Pompeii red and the frescoes and mosaics of the craftsmen of the Frioul and Veneto who were employed by Garnier from 1867 to 1875 to decorate his Opera House. A patina effect, as if time had stood still, for colours that were applied using a sponge and then wiped, dabbed and misted over with an aura of mystery… That of the opera of course.

6. Villa Medici, Roma

Villa Medicis-Rome

In 1990 the Heritage Directorate launched a restoration programme of the Villa Medici which is considered to be a historic Monument. A Scientific Committee was created in order to arrange the proposals of shades for the facades of the villa. The study that was conducted in 1992 by A3DC had the advantage of focusing attention on a central aspect, that of the materials, which is a precursor to any decision on colours. The search for colours was replaced by a search for materials. The use of Stucco Romano or Marmorino, which is a mixture of lime putty and marble powder applied to a fresh coating, was already a very sophisticated and expensive technique in the 16th century, but alone gave the villa the epidermis and shade which correspond to the Rome of the classical era. It is the shade of the marble that gives the “colour”. Thus, one after the other, the facade overlooking the garden, the Bosco gallery, the reliefs inserted in the façade, the pattern of the niches, the staircase in the gallery and the gardens were ideally restored.

7. Seoul Incheon Airport

Seoul Airport

A3DC is often asked by Far East or Asian promoters to bring a typical Western touch to their projects. In return, when A3DC works abroad, it feels that it is vital to include local cultural references so that every person is able to accept the statement made by colour more easily. For the design of the coloured surroundings of the Incheon International Airport of Seoul, in conjunction with the Wilmotte firm, the celadon green of chinaware, the red of precious lacquer work, the lightwood of dry bamboos and the black of ink and calligraphies were explicitly used for the interiors. A soft and soothing creation which is in keeping with the ancestral and cultural use of colour as a means of encouraging people to travel.

8. Asterix Playground Park

Asterix Playground Park

For colour architects, hovering between reinterpreted facts and fiction, the Hourra la Horde project was designed as the major attraction at the Parc Astérix. Inspired from an ancestral search for a loss of bearings and dizziness, the Trace du Hourra is a gigantic descent, which allows users to experience sliding in absolute freedom. You merely have to hop onto a Gallic bobsleigh, sliding freely round each bend and down the track, to experience the same sensations of speed as those on a modern-day bobsleigh. Out of respect for our ancestors, don’t forget to cry out “Hurrah” throughout the ride, which drops down 30 metres from the forest canopy. In addition to the desire to create, an exceptional attraction particular care and attention were paid to the visual aspect of the most spectacular European ride. The rollercoaster has a warm red/brown colour, which fits in perfectly with the wooded surroundings of the forest nearby.

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